Cartography – Lighting up the shadows

In the previous post I demonstrated how to bypass Microsoft’s RFG, a.k.a. “Shadow Stack”, assuming we can locate the shadow stack. In this post I’ll fill up the missing details, and will describe how to find “Shadow” memory sections in a process’s virtual address space. While the technique works both in Windows and Linux, and it will demonstrate some key differences between the two operating systems.

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MRuby VM Escape – step by step

Last post we discussed format string implementation vulnerabilities, and focused on the vulnerabilities in the (C/M)Ruby implementation. Since shopify integrated MRuby in a VM-like scenario, we will present a step-by-step exploitation of the main shown vulnerability, achieving a VM escape.

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Format Strings – Behind the Scenes

Format string vulnerabilities belong to a special family of vulnerabilities: a family of vulnerabilities that were once destructive but now days receive a decreasing amount of attention. Since most vulnerable code samples are based on poor C/C++ programming education, much like SQL Injections in SQL, most researchers believe that this vulnerability group can be completely mitigated with proper coding standards. However, this blog post will address a hidden aspect of the format string vulnerability, one that can impact quite a large number of high level programming languages.

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CVE Publication: CVE 2016-8636

After a long patching process, CVE 2016-8636 was now fixed and can be publicly disclosed. CVE 2016-8636 is caused by a classic integer-overflow vulnerability, showing that even the linux kernel suffers from this major vulnerability family.

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Liberation Guard – CFG Enhancement

In my search of Bug Bounty programs, I found Microsoft’s page and started to learn about CFG – Microsoft’s CFI implementation. From this research I developed “Liberation Guard”, a security enhancement to CFG that aims to block virtual table hijacking exploits.

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Python 2.7.12 mmap information leak

During the end of august I made an audit to the C modules in the popular Python library, version 2.7.12. This audit quickly produced the 1st vulnerability I found in a high-profile library, the 1st of many more that came afterwards.

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CVE Publication: CVE 2016-8633

As I promised in my previous post, here is an official public disclosure of CVE 2016-8633: linux kernel firewire driver remote code execution. The official fix was merged yesterday into the linux kernel, and so I can know talk freely about it.

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